Upon dying, many Chinese horsemen were hidden with clay horse sculptures. The graves from the Shen-si and Ho-nan provinces happen to be particularly wealthy in horse figures in the T’ang period (618-906AD).
The sculptures based in the graves incorporated horses without with human figures.
The horses which human figures are mounted occupy a unique place. Their significance with regards to the dead might be determined using their position within the grave. These were found either as preceding or as following a coffin. This appears to allude that these were considered because the mounted escorts from the occupant from the grave. The position mimics exactly the same manner because the living one, when with an official visit traveling in a cart or perhaps in a sedan-chair, is supported by outriders in-front as well as in the trunk. As only persons of rank were granted this privilege, it appears sure that exactly the same rule was noticed in the grave, which the clay statuettes of cavaliers appertain to dignitaries.
A fascinating cultural and societal difference is the fact that all the riders from the figures from Shen-si are male, while you will find women incorporated in individuals from Ho-nan. Whether it’s because of artistic license or associated with the reality, the ladies of Ho-nan be more effective sitting down within the saddle compared to men of Shen-si.
Horseback-riding would be a common exercise for ladies within the T’ang period and lots of female equestrians were broadly symbolized by pictorial art. Thus, it’s not surprising to determine them symbolized within the clay horse figures from Ho-nan. Indeed, it’s possibly more surprising that they’re absent from the skill of Shen-si.
A few of the sculptures featured women putting on male attire, a girdled coat with triangular lapels, pants, and boots. The saddle-cloth was created with a panther-skin.